This website is intended to provide general information about the firm. Persons viewing or using this website should note the following:

The website is not intended to be a source of legal advice, and no information on this website (including any general information about legal matters) should be considered or relied upon as legal advice on any specific matter. You should never act upon general information on legal matters without seeking legal counsel regarding your particular situation.

Although a law firm website such as this may be deemed by some authorities in some jurisdictions to be an advertisement for legal services, this site is not to be considered as a solicitation for legal services in any particular matter or as an invitation to establish an attorney-client relationship as to any particular matter. An attorney-client relationship with the firm and its lawyers is established only after a specific engagement has been expressly agreed to between an attorney in the firm and a client through direct person-to-person communication. Prospective clients should not provide any confidential information to the firm, whether through e-mail or otherwise, before an attorney-client relationship is established and confirmed in writing by the firm, and are cautioned that our duties of confidentiality and the attorney-client privilege may not arise until we have expressly undertaken a particular client engagement.

Legal services are offered only in accordance with applicable laws and regulations and rules of professional conduct governing the practice, and nothing in this website should be construed as engaging, or offering to engage, in any activities in any jurisdiction where such activities would constitute the unauthorized practice of law or would otherwise be unlawful or improper.

E-mail addresses and e-mail links in this website to the firm and its attorneys and other personnel are provided as a convenience. Clients and other persons contacting the firm by e-mail, or transmitting data over the Internet, are cautioned that such transmissions could be misdirected or intercepted. Although there are security risks inherent in any transmissions by electronic or telephonic means, you should exercise great care, with recognition of the risks of misdirection or interception, in sending us any sensitive or confidential information by Internet e-mail.

Links in this website to other websites are provided as a convenience only, and we assume no responsibility for the contents of those other websites.

The use of the e-mail addresses or links in this website for purposes of unsolicited broadcasts (commonly referred to as “spamming”) is unauthorized and prohibited.

New IRS Standards

The United States Treasury Department, pursuant to its authority to regulate the practice by lawyers and other tax professionals before the Internal Revenue Service, issued final regulations governing the issuance of written tax advice. These rules are commonly known as the “Circular 230” rules (based on their location in the Treasury Department regulations). These new rules became effective on June 20, 2005.

Under the new Circular 230 rules, written communications (including e-mails) that lawyers and other tax professionals provide to clients could be in violation of Treasury Department standards if such communications contain tax advice without providing a full analysis and discussion of all relevant facts, and a discussion and evaluation of each significant tax issue raised by the transaction in question.

In most cases, however, a written communication will be exempt from the more burdensome (and thus more costly) requirements of the new Circular 230 rules if the written communication contains a disclaimer indicating that it is not intended or written to be used, and that it cannot be used, for the purpose of avoiding penalties under the Internal Revenue Code.

Accordingly, on a going-forward basis, written communications (including e-mails) from this firm that potentially contain tax advice will generally include disclosure language similar to that described in the previous paragraph.

For you, the client, this means that you cannot rely on such advice for purposes of avoiding tax-related penalties which may be imposed by the IRS.

We encourage you to contact the firm should you have any questions or concerns about the Circular 230 rules or the measures adopted to comply with these rules.